General Framework


Marcos de Referencia 

A Human rights framework recognises the universal, inalienable human rights of every individual and the obligation of States and other duty-bearers to meet these entitlements. It supports the empowerment of rights-holders to participate in development and the use of mechanisms to hold Governments accountable. A rights-based approach strives to secure the freedom, well-being and dignity of all people everywhere.

A Social justice framework is closely linked to human rights but explicitly identifies the wider socio-economic conditions which must be tackled for rights to be realised. It actively responds to inequity and power issues and targets the most disadvantaged and marginalised groups of people in society. Social justice provides a framework to develop and assess the impact of policies and practices. It recognises that there are situations where the application of the same rules to unequal groups will generate unequal results.

A Public Health framework focuses on the improvement of health and wellbeing. This includes disease prevention, treatment and care, primarily provided by the organised health care system. However, due to the many socio-economic determinants of health it also includes wider activities and conditions which prolong a healthy life. A public health framework recognises the importance of the environment (e.g. water and air quality), housing and work conditions, for example.

A Feminist framework recognises gender discrimination as a key factor in the fulfilment or oppression of human potential. It identifies and challenges patriarchal assumptions and practices which disempower women and girls and addresses power differentials. Through feminist analysis of politics, economics and cultures feminism strives to achieve global gender equity and equality.

A Development framework focuses on economic growth, the reduction of poverty and improvement of quality of life. It can incorporate a wide range of issues including governance, health, education, gender equality, trade and the environment. Links have been drawn between development and the demographic transition, which involves the reduction of child mortality and consequently fertility rates.